Her presentation was mainly indicating the impact and opportunity costs of shifting Zambia’s non-GMOs position. She highlighted the following concerns about GMOs in the food system:-
• GMOs undermine human health
• GMOs inhibit the Right to Food
• GMOs inhibit the ITPGRFA and Farmers’ Rights
• GMOs are environmental damaging
• GMOs are not appropriate for smallholders
• GMOs enable corporate control of the food system
• GMOs restrict access to markets

Major highlights were some of the outcomes of the industrial food system, and worst affected by women as follows:-
• Global chronic and acute hunger and malnutrition
• Health risks, widespread NCDs
• Climate change AND resilience breakdown
• Falling real incomes, rising inequality, debt and dependency
• Trade and export orientated – price shocks, ‘commodity induced poverty traps’
• Falling productivity post green revolution ‘boom’
• Ecological degradation and biodiversity loss – especially genetic diversity
• Pest resistance and disease vulnerability
• Alienation of indigenous communities and cultures

Dependency on corporate seed (and therefore agro-chemicals and fertilisers) was another issue as a result reduced genetic diversity, health implications, increased debt, and loss of autonomy.
In summing up the presentation, she shared the importance of the following:-

• Agroecology is much more than a set of technologies; it is a political and social system, a way of life, a form of resistance against corporate control of the food system, and quite simply the best means of achieving food sovereignty
• Food sovereignty is the right of peoples to access and control the resources they need to be able to make their own choices about the kind of food they eat, produce and buy.